Design for Resilience: Mitigation, Adaptation and Transformative Design
From case studies of highly capitalized, architect-designed buildings confronted by disasters of the last decade, this paper extracts exemplary cases of mitigation, adaption, and transformation design (before, during, and after) disaster instances globally. Based on resilience attributes from biology and complexity theories, these cases (prepared with graduate students in courses on resilience and research methods and abbreviated in this paper) examine attributes that map onto architecture.
Case 1: Sendai Mediatheque (1995-2001) and the 2011 Tohoku earthquake (3/11/2011).
Case topic: mitigation through taking design risk as resilience
Case 2: Christchurch, New Zealand aftershock. Adapting to 5000 aftershocks to the 9/4/2010 earthquake.
Case topic: business decisions and urban design scale resilience
Case 3: Greensburg, Kansas and the tornado 5/4/2007. Identity and transformation.
Case topic: disaster, sustainability and identity at city/town scale as resilience
keywords: resilience, case study, case method